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Glucose is a simple sugar used as the source of energy by living cells. It is produced by plants as one of the main products of photosynthesis. Glucose is available as a white substance, a solid crystal or an aqueous solution. In cosmetics and personal care products, Glucose may be used in the formulation of bath products, cleansing products, eye makeup, skin care products, makeup and hair care products.
Glucose functions as a flavoring agent, humectant, skin-conditioning agent - humectant and as a skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous.
Glucose is produced commercially by the enzymatic hydrolysis of starch. The starch may be obtained from many types of plants including corn, rice, wheat, potato, cassava, arrowroot and sago. Corn starch is the most common source of Glucose in the United States.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) permits Glucose syrup and dried Glucose syrup to be used as sweeteners in food.
FDA: Link to Code of Federal Regulations for Glucose:
In its review of High Production Volume (HPV) chemicals, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) decided that Glucose was not a candidate for testing under the HPV Challenge Program. The EPA review concluded that additional data would not further our understanding of the properties of Glucose.
Link to EPA HPV program: http://www.epa.gov/HPV/pubs/general/hpvcolst.htm
Glucose may be used in cosmetics and personal care products marketed in Europe according to the general provisions of the Cosmetics Regulation of the European Union.
Link to the EU Cosmetic Regulation: http://europa.eu/legislation_summaries/consumers/product_labelling_and_packaging/co0013_en.htm
Find out more about the regulation of Food Additives by the Food and Drug Administration
Food Ingredients and Packaging: http://www.fda.gov/Food/IngredientsPackagingLabeling/default.htm
Food Contact Substances: http://www.fda.gov/Food/IngredientsPackagingLabeling/PackagingFCS/default.htm
Substances Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS): http://www.fda.gov/Food/IngredientsPackagingLabeling/GRAS/default.htm
Search the Code of Federal Regulations http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cdrh/cfdocs/cfcfr/cfrsearch.cfm
EU Cosmetics Inventory http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/cosmetics/cosing/
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