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Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Seed Oil is the oil expressed from the seeds of grapes from the plant Vitis vinifera. Addition of hydrogen to Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Seed Oil results in Hydrogenated Grapeseed Oil.
Sodium Grapeseedate is the sodium salt of grape seed fatty acids. Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Seed Oil is used in a wide range of products including, soaps and detergents, cuticle softeners, make-up products, and skin and hair care products. Sodium Grapeseedate is primarily used in soaps.
When used in cosmetics and personal care products, Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Seed Oil functions as a skin-conditioning agent - miscellaneous.
Hydrogenated Grapeseed Oil functions as a skin conditioning agent - emollient, and a viscosity increasing agent non-aqueous, while Sodium Grapeseedate functions as a surfactant - cleansing agent and a surfactant - emulsifying agent.
Vitis vinifera is a species of grape that is widely cultivated in temperate areas. It is native to parts of Europe, Asia and Africa. The oil from the seeds of Vitis vinifera consists of approximately 46-74% linoleic acid, 14-44% oleic acid, 7-10% palmitic acid, and 4-6% stearic acid.
The safety of Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Seed Oil, Hydrogenated Grapeseed Oil and Sodium Grapeseedate has been assessed by the Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) Expert Panel. The CIR Expert Panel evaluated scientific data and concluded that these ingredients were safe for use in cosmetics and personal care products. Botanical and botanically derived ingredients used in the formulation of cosmetics are generally mild and safe. Prior to marketing the finished cosmetic product, the safety of each ingredient must be substantiated in accordance with 21 CFR 740.10. Safety substantiation of cosmetic ingredients may include tests for ocular and skin irritation as well as allergenicity, phototoxicity, photoallergenicity and mutagenicity, depending on the application or intended use. There is a considerable body of information about the safety of botanical ingredients and a well-established history of use. These resources are consulted to ensure the safety of these materials as they are used in cosmetics.
CIR Safety Review:
Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Seed Oil, Hydrogenated Grapeseed Oil and Sodium Grapeseedate were included in the CIR Expert Panel's review of plant-derived fatty acids oils.
Based on a history of safe use in food, the composition of the oils, and data indicating that these ingredients were not dermal irritants or sensitizers, the CIR Expert Panel concluded that plant-derived fatty acid oils including Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Seed Oil, Hydrogenated Grapeseed Oil and Sodium Grapeseedate were safe as used in cosmetic products.
More information about botanical ingredients.
Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Seed Oil, Hydrogenated Grapeseed Oil and Sodium Grapeseedate may be used in cosmetics and personal care products marketed in Europe according to the general provisions of the Cosmetics Regulation of the European Union.
Link to the EU Cosmetic Regulation: http://europa.eu/legislation_summaries/consumers/product_labelling_and_packaging/co0013_en.htm
In naming plants, botanists use a Latin name made up of the genus and species of the plant.
For example, under this system this grape species is known as Vitis vinfera "L. " where "L" stands for Linnaeus, the person who first described the type of plant specimen.
Plants are also known by a common name that has been handed down through generations. These common names may vary from country to country.
Therefore, Latin names, which are more likely to be recognized in many countries, are frequently used on the label of a product to identify an ingredient made from plants.
Cross Reference for Common Names and Latin names for Botanical ingredient: http://www.personalcarecouncil.org/botanicals-cross-reference-latin-bino...
Find out more about the history of using plants to obtain beneficial materials:
Search the Code of Federal Regulations http://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cdrh/cfdocs/cfcfr/cfrsearch.cfm
EU Cosmetics Inventory http://ec.europa.eu/consumers/cosmetics/cosing/
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